Emblic (Emblic myrobalan, Indian gooseberry, Malacca tree) is a deciduous tree, native to India and the Middle East. Now, it is spread in the tropical and temperature zones worldwide, especially, in India.
In Thai traditional medicine, it was used the fresh fruit as an antitussive and an expectorant. The dried fruit was used as an astringent, an antidiarrheal, an antidysenteric, and a remedy of hemorrhoid. The leaves were used as a remedy of prickly heat. In the research, the dried fruit extract of emblic can be produced skin-whitening agent. Moreover, its properties are antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and antioxidant. Their active ingredients from the emblic fruit are the polyphenolic compounds, such as gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid, elaeocarpusin, and putranjivain A.
Figure I: Significant Difference of Skin Lightening between 1% Emblic Formulation and control.
Figure II: Significant Difference of Skin Lightening between 3% Emblic Formulation and control.