Common Name : Sappanwood, Sappan Tree, Brazilwood, Fang (in Thai)
Part Used : Heartwood
Caesalpinia sappan is known as Sappanwood, Sappan Tree, Brazilwood and Fang (in Thai). Sappanwood is a well-known medicinal plant belonging to the Leguminosae
family, distributed and cultivated in Southeast Asia as well as in Africa and America. It is a small to medium size, shrubby tree, 4-8 m tall, trunk up to 14 cm in diameter and heartwood is orange and red color. Fang is also used as herbal medicine for anti-oxidant, anti-inﬂammatory, anti-cancer and immune system improvement. The use of heartwood as a coloring agent for beverage, food, garment and cosmetics. The chemical constituents of Fang include polyphenols such as Brazilein, Brazilin, Protosappanin and Chalcone.